RUBINSTEIN, ANTON GRIGORYEVICH (1829–1894), Russian virtuoso pianist and composer. Born in Vykhvatinetz, Podolia, Rubinstein, whose parents abandoned Judaism soon after his birth, had his first piano lessons from his mother and appeared as a prodigy in Moscow in 1839, then in Paris and London. He won the approval of Liszt, was influenced by mendelssohn whom he met in London, and by the time he was 24 had had two operas performed. In 1858 the grand duchess Helena Pavlovna of Russia appointed him court pianist. With her help, he founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, becoming its director. Resuming his tours, he was repeatedly acclaimed as a concert pianist in Europe and the U.S., and also gained renown for his own compositions. In 1890 he established the Rubinstein Prize, an international competition for young pianists and composers. Some of his compositions reflected the influence of his Jewish background, such as the operas The Demon (1871), The Maccabees (1875), Nero (1879), and Sulamith (1883); the oratorios Paradise Lost (1855), The Tower of Babel (1870), concertos for piano, violin, and cello, string quartets, trios, and Moses (1887). His works also included ten symphonies, sonatas, piano works, and over 100 vocal pieces. Little of his music, however, has remained in the concert repertoire. An English version of Anton Rubinstein's autobiography appeared in 1903. Anton's younger brother, NIKOLAY GRIGORYEVICH (1835–1881), was also an outstanding pianist, conductor and teacher. He founded the Moscow Conservatory (1866), which he headed until his death, and actively promoted the music of Tchaikovsky, who dedicated a piano trio to his memory. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C.D. Bowen, "Free Artist," The Story of Anton and Nicholas Rubinstein (1961), incl. bibl.; L. Barenboym, Anton Grigoryevich Rubinshteyn, 2 vols. (Rus., 1957); T.A. Khoprova, Anton Grigoryevich Rubinshteyn 1829–1894 (Russ., 1963); Grove, Dict; Riemann-Gurlitt; MGG. (Michael Goldstein)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Rubinstein, Anton (Grigoryevich) — born Nov. 28, 1829, Vykhvatinets, Podolia province, Russia died Nov. 20, 1894, Peterhof Russian composer and pianist. Touring as a piano virtuoso, he met Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt in Paris and Giacomo Meyerbeer in Berlin. After several… …   Universalium

  • Rubinstein, Anton Grigoryevich — (1829 94)    Russian pianist and composer. Born in Vykhvatinetz, Podolia, his family moved to Moscow. In 1844 the family moved to Berlin; when his father died the family went to Russia, but Anton spent two years in Vienna giving piano lessons. In …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rubinstein, Anton — ▪ Russian composer and musician in full  Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein  born , Nov. 16 [Nov. 28, New Style], 1829, Vykhvatinets, Podolia province, Russia died Nov. 8 [Nov. 20], 1894, Peterhof [now Petrodvorets]  Russian composer and one of the… …   Universalium

  • Grigoryevich — (as used in expressions) Belinsky Vissarion Grigoryevich Ehrenburg Ilya Grigoryevich Orlov Aleksey Grigoryevich Count Orlov Grigory Grigoryevich Count Rubinstein Anton Grigoryevich Yagoda Genrikh Grigoryevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Rubinstein — /rooh bin stuyn /; Russ. /rddooh byin shtyayn /; Pol. /rddooh been stuyn /, n. 1. Anton /an ton/; Russ. /un tawn /, 1829 94, Russian pianist and composer. 2. Arthur or Artur /ahr teu …   Universalium

  • Anton — /an ton, teuhn/, n. a male given name, form of Anthony. * * * (as used in expressions) Bruckner Josef Anton Chekhov Anton Pavlovich Denikin Anton Ivanovich Dolin Sir Anton Anton Herman Gerard Fokker Frisch Ragnar Anton Kittil Gneisenau August… …   Universalium

  • Rubinstein — Famous people named Rubinstein include:* Anton Rubinstein, a Russian pianist, composer and conductor, not related to Arthur. * Arthur Rubinstein, a famous Jewish Polish pianist, not related to Anton. * Amnon Rubinstein, an Israeli scholar,… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Rubinstein — Nikolai Rubinstein. Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein (14 June [O.S. 2 June] 1835 – 23 March [O.S. 11 March] 1881) was a Russian pianist, conductor and composer. He was the younger brother of Anton Rubinstein and a close friend of Pyotr Ilyich… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Grigoryevich Rubinstein — (2 June 1835 ndash;23 March 1881) was a Russian pianist and composer. He was the younger brother of Anton Rubinstein and a close friend of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky..While holding his Moscow post, Nikolai persuaded Tchaikovsky to write for him the …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

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